Cheese is one of the most loved ingredients globally, which is one of the main reasons for its popularity. Several cheese varieties have been created just to fit the taste and flavor of everyone.
The number of cheese consumption has been growing over the years due to the extensive uses of different cheese designs. The process of making cheese may seem long, but it is worth the wait and patience.
Mozzarella cheese and cheddar cheese both have unique differences, and this is based on the method of preparation, the appearance, and the nutrients and vitamins between these two kinds of cheese.
The place of origin of the mozzarella cheese is in Italy. On the other hand, cheddar cheese has its origins based in England in somerset county. The cheese flavor is always influenced by certain factors like, for instance, the type of milk used during its making process and the age of the cheese.
Here are some of the differences between these two kinds of cheese
The color and texture
The color of mozzarella cheese is generally white, but it varies slightly due to the diet in which the cow has been fed. Therefore, its color may change to yellow at times, which may be influenced by the different seasons. This cheese is usually semi-soft with a smooth texture.
On the other hand, cheddar cheese has a whitish-yellow color, but it can also be orange if food colorings such as annatto are used during the making process. It has a hard texture, and it is produced in many other countries apart from England where it originates from.
The animal’s diet also influences the color of these two kinds of cheese. The type of food also influences the creaminess and texture of the milk.
The type of milk
Milk is a key ingredient required for the preparation of most varieties of cheeses. However, the difference comes in with the type of animal where the milk comes from. For mozzarella cheese, water buffalo milk is used when making this cheese.
When it comes to cheddar cheese, the milk used during its preparation is a cow’s. The only significant difference in this cheese is the addition of annatto flavor, which is usually added to imitate the color of high-quality milk.
Shelf-life of the cheese
The shelf-life of these two kinds of cheese varies, with both of them having different storage periods. For mozzarella cheese, it literally can stay for more extended periods, and this is when preserved in the fridge. It can stay for one month, but the shelf-life can be prolonged to over six months, which depends on the cheese’s temperature and packaging.
Cheddar cheese has more shelf life than mozzarella cheese. This cheese can be stored in the refrigerator for more than 60 months, and it is said to have the most extended storage compared to other cheeses.
The more extended storage is brought about because cheddar cheese is frequently pasteurized, which is not done in the mozzarella cheese. Besides, cheddar cheese is kept at steady temperatures. It also requires particular and unique storage facilities, which is not the same case with mozzarella cheese.
Production of these cheeses
When it comes to mozzarella cheese production, it is solemnly produced from Italian water buffalo’s milk, and this cheese is mostly sold in the US. This cheese is usually made from fermented milk, which is often kneaded by the cheesemakers to achieve a soft paste made into cylinder shapes.
On the other hand, cheddar cheese is produced in various countries such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. However, the method of making this cheese varies from one region to another.
Cheddars can either be industrial or artisanal, and the industrial cheddar cheese has a wide variation in regards to the taste, flavor, color, and quality.
The packaging of both mozzarella and cheddar cheese varies. The techniques of packaging vary slightly from the wide varieties of cheeses. All cheeses require pasteurization, but when it comes to cheddar cheese, it requires regular pasteurization.
Cheddar cheese is also packaged in black waxes or cloths. When it comes to mozzarella cheese, it is slightly different from cheddar cheese. It requires less pasteurization, and usually, it is hand-wrapped in a fresh plastic wrap.
Cheddar cheese requires a careful procedure during packaging compared to mozzarella cheese, which is more convenient and straightforward.
Variants of mozzarella and cheddar cheese
The varieties of cheddar cheeses are so much, especially in the United Kingdom. The cheddar making is different from mozzarella cheeses, mainly because of the different regions in which the cheese is made.
When it comes to mozzarella cheese, some varieties have been made specifically to use when making pizza recipes, such as the soft-spun curd cheese. There is also low skim moisture cheese, which is mainly used for food recipes.
The processing of both these kinds of cheese is different. Cheddar cheese, for instance, requires a static temperature during its preparation.
Method of preparation
Mozzarella cheese is very popular in Italy, and it is made through cutting and spinning. Sometimes during the preparation of this cheese, the cow’s milk is used, but this is mainly as an alternative as the domesticated water buffalo’s milk is primarily preferred.
The making process of cheddar cheese does not involve spinning. This cheese is made by cutting the curds to drain the excess liquid from the cheese. However, the difference is that the cheddar’s cutting process is multiple than any other form of cheese.
Uses of these cheese
Between these two types of cheese, mozzarella is the most used one, especially in preparing dishes like pizzas and pasta. Most people love this cheese because of its stretchy and stringy nature.
Its easy melting ability makes it a better alternative when making different dishes, and also because of it’s soft texture compared to cheddar.
On the other hand, cheddar cheese, though a famous cheese, comes out best in particular dishes. Aged cheddar usually adds a unique flavor to most of the recipes that it is cooked with. It also has a hard texture.
Cheddar cheese also contains heavy amounts of calcium lactate. This additive is what makes the texture of this cheese hard. The packaging of cheddar cheese should also be done carefully because of the calcium lactate.
Mozzarella or cheddar cheese?
Both these cheeses serve the same purpose which is to prepare different types of foods. The difference each have their respective unique features that makes it easy to differentiate one from another.